How to Become a Forensic Scientist: Education and Skills

Forensic Science has become an important aspect of the criminal justice system in the recent years. Thanks to advancements in technology, the field has grown in numbers and in importance. Forensic scientists uncover details related to criminal, civil and regulatory methods. They work as a part of the investigative team and are usually required to collaborate with other members of different law enforcement agencies.

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How to Become a Forensic Scientist
How to Become a Forensic Scientist

What are the duties of a Forensic Scientist?

Here is a quick list of duties performed by forensic scientists:

  • Maintain records and prepare reports with details of findings, laboratory analyses techniques and investigation methodologies
  • Collect evidence from the crime scene and storing it in the required conditions so that it is preserved in its original form
  • Interpreting data to arrive at the final conclusions – sharing these conclusions with the rest of the investigative team
  • Testifying in court regarding the conclusions of the forensic analysis and the methods followed to arrive at the conclusion
  • Visiting crime scenes or morgues to examine the remains and collaborating with other sources to get the required information to be used in determining the final conclusion

In addition to these duties, forensic scientists may also be required to photograph or film the crime scene and document it in the required format. Therefore, some basic technological skills might be required

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Forensic Scientist Careers

Forensic Science offers a variety of careers to graduates. Even though most forensic science students would begin their education studying the same subjects, they will eventually concentrate on particular areas of the subject as their specialization. Here are some potential careers you may opt for as a graduate in forensic science:

Computer Forensic InvestigatorSearching computers and any electronic records for finding evidence related to a case
Crime Scene PhotographersTaking detailed photographs of the crime scene, victim’s injuries and various objects of importance on the scene
Forensic AccountantsExamining the financial data relevant to a case
Forensic AnthropologistsAnalyzing human bones to determine the age, sex and height of the victim(s)
Forensic BiologistsExamining organic substances and carrying out DNA analysis of samples of blood or hair
Forensic ChemistsCarry out chemical analyses on evidence, including items like soil samples, shards of glass or drugs, etc
Forensic PsychologistsUse knowledge related to human behavior in different legal contexts


This is not an exhaustive list of specializations and forensic science careers.

How to Become a Forensic Scientist?

Forensic scientists need to have a solid understanding of a variety of technical subjects, along with the relevant training to deal with different elements of a complicated crime scene. The following guidelines might be of help on how to become a forensic scientist:

1 – Get an Associate Degree:

If you plan on working in crime scene investigation, an associate degree in forensic science is recommended. Some crime scene investigators begin as police officers and eventually move into the field of crime scene investigation, based on their experience

2 – Get a Bachelor’s Degree:

In most cases, aspiring forensic scientists will need at least a bachelor’s degree to be eligible for entry level positions in the industry. You may go for a bachelor’s degree in any natural science, such as chemistry or biology, with a concentration in forensic science, or you can simply major in forensic science itself. Even though a lot of people in the field don’t pursue another degree after completing their bachelor’s degree and instead use their job experience to advance in the field, many employers have shown preference to hiring those who hold a master’s degree in forensic science.

3 – Select a Specialty:

Once enrolled in a degree program, students would be required to select the area they intend to specialize in. For instance, if you want to work largely with latent prints or ballistics, you will be required to take elective courses that focus on these areas. Students who want to go for positions that require higher degrees, such as a forensic psychologist, should begin preparing for their graduate degree.

4 – Get a Master’s Degree or a PhD (if needed):

This step is for those whose career goals have graduate degrees in forensic science as the requirement. Bear in mind though, that there will not be a forensic science degree at the doctorate level – you will need to pursue a degree in a broader field such as psychology, with a focus on forensic science.

5 – Fulfill Training or Internship Requirements (If Required):

Many concentrations within the field of forensic science would require you to complete several months or even years of training before beginning to work in the profession. These requirements would depend on the education and career path you choose.

6 – Engage in on-the-job Training:

In addition to degree related training requirements, you would be required to engage in on-the-job training, before you are allowed to individually take on cases. You will be given hands-on training and instructions regarding the exact operations of your new workplace and how you are expected to contribute. This training might last a year or more in most cases.

7 – Get Certified:

Some states or localities might encourage forensic scientists to get specialty certifications. Even though these are not necessary to becoming a forensic scientist, they can certainly be helpful in career advancement and promotions opportunities.

Forensic Scientist Job Outlook and Career Growth

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Forensic Science Technicians earned a median annual income of $57,850 in 2017. The job outlook for this occupation is quite bright, with growth expected to be 17%, which is much higher than the industry average. A lot of new jobs are expected to be added in the years between 2016 and 2026, so now would be a great time to plan a career in forensic science.